Nephrology or Renal Medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis of kidney diseases, treatment of kidney diseases (e.g., dialysis, medications) and follow-up of kidney (renal) transplant patients. Many nephrologists also provide medical care in the area of electrolyte disorders and hypertension.


Kidney Issues

Damage to the nephron results in kidney diseases, which disables the kidneys’ functions of removing waste in the body. Kidney damage occurs over a number of years, exhibiting symptoms such as foamy urine, difficulty while urinating and trails of blood in the urine. If one is already affected with diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure, he/she has a higher risk of developing kidney diseases.

Seeking A Nephrologist

Kidney diseases can be treated with medication such as steroids and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. If the kidney disease has reached an advanced stage, it is crucial that you visit a specialist – a dialysis is often required. Dialysis aids in the removal of waste and unwanted fluids, which damaged kidneys are incapable of doing. A nephrologist will be able to guide you along necessary treatment procedures such as dialysis and kidney transplants. A good way to prevent late detection of kidney diseases would be to go for regular urine tests at your nearest clinic.

Common Problems treated by Nephrologists

  • Acute renal failure (sudden loss of kidney functions)
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Hematuria (blood loss in the urine)
  • Proteinuria (loss of protein in the urine)
  • Diabetic kidney disease
  • Kidney stones
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Chronic or recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Hypertension
  • Electrolyte disorders

Symptoms of Kidney Disease

  • High blood pressure
  • Bloody colored urine
  • Lower back pain (not motivated by movement)
  • Burning sensation upon urination
  • Difficulties urinating
  • Changes in urination frequency
  • Noticeable swelling around arms, legs and eyes

Useful Links

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